J. M. Trejo-Gabriel-Galán Neurosciences and History 2021;9(2):69-82
Type of article: ORIGINAL
J. M. Trejo-Gabriel-Galán Neurology Department. Hospital Universitario de Burgos, Burgos, Spain.
Introduction. This study aims to establish what aspects of neurologists’ daily practice have changed due to discoveries made by winners of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Methods. A review was conducted of the Nobel laureates who made discoveries regarding the central and peripheral nervous systems, from the creation of the Prize to today. For each decade, the discovery of greatest importance to neuroscience was selected.
Results. The review identified 17 Nobel Prizes for discoveries with a great impact on neuroscience, with the Prize nearly always being awarded to more than one scientist. For each Prize, the discovery and its clinical impact are briefly described.
Conclusions. Most of the discoveries are related to the transmission of information in the nervous system, build upon on the discoveries of previous Nobel laureates, and have changed the daily practice of clinical neurologists today.
History of neurology, history of neuroscience, neuroscience, Nobel Prize, synaptic transmission
Neurosciences and History 2021;9(2):69-82
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