M. Balcells Neurosciences and History 2016;4(2):78-82
Type of article: ARCHIVE IMAGE
M. Balcells Department of Neurology. Hospital Universitari del Sagrat Cor, Barcelona, Spain.
The anatomoclinical method underwent intense development during the 19th century. Its main contributors were Bichat, Cruveilhier, and Laënnec. The Société Anatomique de Paris and its well-known Bulletins also had a major influence on the development of this model. By the 20th century, the anatomoclinical method had come to play a crucial role in medicine, and important advances came from the Austrian and German schools. In neurology, the anatomoclinical method was promoted by Charcot most of all as he and other researchers conducted studies on cerebral localisation. This article is a commentary on Dejerine’s Cahier de feuilles d’autopsies pour l’étude des lésions du névraxe, a topography of nervous system lesions providing descriptions and illustrations of different cerebral localisations. In his book, Dejerine describes a series of sections and the method he applied in anatomical pathology studies; he also establishes correlations between anatomical lesions and their clinical manifestations. Cahier de feuilles d’autopsies pour l’étude des lésions du névraxe is remarkable as a clear, precise, and systematic treatise on nervous system lesions.
Anatomical pathology, Joseph Jules Dejerine, nervous system, anatomoclinical method
Neurosciences and History 2016;4(2):78-82
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